Destinations Catalog

The Republic of Poland

Poland
Population:
38 593 161
Capital:
Warsaw
UTC:
+01:00
Ease of Doing Business Index:
27
Currency:
PLN ($1 = PLN 3.85)
Unemployment Ratio:
8.2%
Income Tax:
18%
Corporate Income Tax:
19%
Social Tax:
22.71%
Notice Period:
1 month (starting from the 1st day of the next month)
Dismissal Period:
0.5-3 months
Turnover Ratio:
$35800 million
Office Rent:
$6.50-56/m2
IT Headcount:
140 000
IT Graduates:
14 000
Average Salary
Junior
Middle
Senior
Lead
$ 1 000
$ 2 200
$ 3 100
$ 3 200
English Level
High Proficiency
Main IT Outsorcing Destinations
Cities
IT Headcount
Main IT Outsorcing Destinations
Cities
IT Headcount
Poland
Country Description

Poland is one of the largest European countries with the population at about 38 mln. people. The economy of Poland is viewed as a true European phenomenon as the country, within the framework of the global crisis, managed not only to sustain its economy but also to continue its dynamic development. There is a large number of industrial parks, business incubators, and accelerators which financed by the state. IT market is the biggest in Europe, it involves 140 thousand workers. Krakow and Torun industrial parks are special economic zones. In the special economic zones is the special tax exemption. The amount of tax benefits depends on the size of the company: small companies can be exempt from taxes up to 55%, for medium-sized companies up to 45% and for large companies up to 35%. To interact with investors, an Interdepartmental Investment Committee has been set up that evaluates investors' applications and recommends the most promising projects for financing.

Population
38 593 161
Capital
Warsaw
UTC
+01:00
Currency
PLN ($1 = PLN 3.85)
Ease of Doing Business Index
27
Unemployment Ratio
8.2%
Income Tax
18%
Corporate Income Tax
19%
Social Tax
22.71%
Notice Period
1 month (starting from the 1st day of the next month)
Dismissal Period
0.5-3 months
Turnover Ratio
$35800 million
Office Rent
$6.50-56/m2
IT Headcount:
140 000
IT Graduates:
14 000
Average Salary
Junior
Middle
Senior
Lead
$ 1 000
$ 2 200
$ 3 100
$ 3 200
English Level
-------

Country Description

Poland is one of the largest European countries with the population at about 38 mln. people. The economy of Poland is viewed as a true European phenomenon as the country, within the framework of the global crisis, managed not only to sustain its economy but also to continue its dynamic development. There is a large number of industrial parks, business incubators, and accelerators which financed by the state. IT market is the biggest in Europe, it involves 140 thousand workers. Krakow and Torun industrial parks are special economic zones. In the special economic zones is the special tax exemption. The amount of tax benefits depends on the size of the company: small companies can be exempt from taxes up to 55%, for medium-sized companies up to 45% and for large companies up to 35%. To interact with investors, an Interdepartmental Investment Committee has been set up that evaluates investors' applications and recommends the most promising projects for financing.

Income Tax

Personal Income Tax, according to the Polish legislation is paid based on an income amount, hence:

  • income up to PLN 85,528 – 18%
  • income above PLN 85,528 – 32%

Corporate Income Tax may be

  • standard rate of 19% – applied towards businesses with 1+ year of operation as well as mid- and large-size companies
  • reduced rate of 15% – applied towards small taxpayers and new companies whose business activity falls within one year

Social Тax

Social and health securities comprise of the following payments for both employees and employers: retirement pension contribution, pension contribution, sickness contribution, disability pension, health insurance, Employment Fund, Fund of Guaranteed Employment Benefits.

The total social tax for an employee amounts to 22.71% and comprises of the following constituents: retirement pension contribution – 9.76%, pension contribution – 1.5%, sickness contribution – 2.45%, health insurance – 9%.

The total social tax for an employer amounts to 22.14% and comprises of the following constituents: retirement pension contribution – 9.76%, pension contribution – 6.5%, disability pension – 0.67% – 3.33%, Employment Fund – 2.45%, Fund of Guaranteed Employment Benefits – 0.1%.

Notice Period

Prior to leaving a job, an IT specialist will have to go through 1-month notice period starting from the 1st date of the next month you’ve informed your employer about your leaving.

In those cases, when a company needs to cut their headcount, the dismissal period is defined by the total employment period an employee in a company:

  • 2 weeks – less than 6 months of employment
  • 1 month – 6+ months of employment
  • 3 months – 3+ years of employment

Dismissal Conditions

In order to terminate an employment contract by any of the parties involved in this contract, a strong reasoning shall be provided (e.g, economic, technological, organizational or operational reasons). Summary dismissal is allowed upon serious violation of the basic duties of the employee or, in cases when the employee during the period of the contract's validity commits an offence, so the further performance of the duties is impossible or the employee loses qualification required to a proper duties performance.

Additional reasons justifying the summary dismissal are:

  • the employee’s incapacity to work due to illness if: - the incapacity lasted for 3+ months (if the employee has been employed for less than 6 months); or - the incapacity lasted longer than the combined period of receiving remuneration and welfare benefits (for the case of illness) and the period of receiving rehabilitation benefits (the latter period is limited to the first 3 months of receiving the rehabilitation benefits),
  • (if the employee has been employed for at least 6 months or if the incapacity to work was caused by an accident at work or by an occupational disease), justified absence of the employee from work due to reasons other than those enumerated above lasting for a period longer than 1 month.

Dismissal without notice of termination must be accompanied by a statement of reasons.

Hiring Period

Up to 3 months

Office Rent

Prices without VAT and administration fee can fluctuate from $7/m2 to $56/m2, it depends on city and location of the office in the city. Also, it matters if office is furnished, or without furniture. VAT is equal 23% from the price. And administration fee can fluctuate from $1.80/m2 to $5.40/m2.

IT Headcount

Poland today has the largest IT pool in the Eastern Europe which amounts to over 140,000 people occupying 1.7% share of the global IT market. Such tech giants as Microsoft, Oracle, HP, Google, IBM have affiliates in Poland and employ about 55,000 of the total number of IT specialists. Only 34% of the Polish engineers work for companies with the Polish capital, the rest is employed by the companies with the foreign capital companies.

IT Graduates

IT industry is having the highest demand among the Polish students – over 75,000 apply to IT specialities annually with up to 14,000 of this number graduate.

The most popular universities that prepare engineers for the IT sector are:

  • AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków
  • Poznan University of Technology
  • Wrocław University of Technology
  • Poznań University of Economics
  • Jagiellonian University in Kraków
  • University of Lodz
  • University of Warsaw
  • University of Wrocław
  • University of Zielona Góra

Average Salary

An average salary of the IT specialists is equal among the Polish companies and is based, like elsewhere within the industry, on experience and skills. The average rates are as follows:

  • Junior Software Engineer – $1000
  • Middle Software Engineer – $2200
  • Senior Software Engineer – $3100
  • Technical Lead – $3200
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